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"I love this kit and it is a nice addition to my growing fleet. Am 1. [16], For his reckless handling of the ship, Pieper was tried in a court-martial, convicted, and sentenced to two years' imprisonment for negligence, disobedience of orders, and homicide through negligence. The turbines were supplied with steam by 24 coal-fired Schulz-Thornycroft single-ended boilers and 8 oil-fired Schulz-Thornycroft double-ended boilers. But that is by stats alone, and stats really don't show the whole story. The guns had to be returned to 2.5 degrees to reload them. The guns had a maximum range of 20,250 m (66,440 ft). Hipper's ships inflicted little damage and minelayers laid minefields off the coast, which later sank the British submarine D5. [8], The Ersatz Yorck-class battlecruisers were to be armed with a main battery of eight 38 cm (15 in) SK L/45 guns in four Drh LC/1913 twin-gun turrets;[b] this was identical to the main armament carried by the Bayern-class battleships. The Reichsmarineamt (RMA – Imperial Naval Office) decided that to meet the requirements set in the 1912 law, the Navy should construct one battleship and one battlecruiser every year between 1913 and 1917, with an additional unit of both types in 1913 and 1916. She displaced 9,533 t (9,382 long tons; 10,508 short tons) as built and 10,266 t (10,104 long tons; 11,316 short tons) fully loaded. Yorck thereafter steamed to Kiel, where on 21 May she was decommissioned, the last armored cruiser to serve with I Scouting Group. Since the ships' propulsion systems had already been ordered, they were kept essentially identical to the original Mackensen design, although internal rearrangements allowed the boilers to be trunked into one large funnel rather than the two of the Mackensens, which conferred several advantages. [3], The ship was protected with Krupp cemented armor, with the belt armor being 100 mm (3.9 in) thick amidships and reduced to 80 mm (3.1 in) on either end. During the exercises, Hipper temporarily transferred his flag to the new battlecruiser Von der Tann, but returned thereafter until 28 August. Big cruiser SMS Yorck The big cruiser SMS Yorck belonged to the Roon class, which consisted of only two ships and were built shortly after the turn of the century. The ship was broken up on the slipway and machinery that had been assembled for Ersatz Gneisenau was installed in the first four Type U 151 U-boats. The last three of these new battlecruisers were ordered to replace Yorck and the two Scharnhorst-class cruisers, the former having been sunk by German mines in November 1914 and the latter pair being sunk at the Battle of the Falkland Islands the following month. As with the light cruisers, th… Tokiwa SealsModels Resin & Metal kit Foresight 1:500 MSM014 . She was thereafter mobilized and assigned to III Scouting Group. The ship was armed with a main battery of four 21 cm (8.3 in) guns and had a top speed was 20.4 knots (37.8 km/h; 23.5 mph). Dec 13, 2013 - Roon class armoured cruiser SMS Yorck, mined and sunk with heavy loss of life whilst returning from an unsuccessful raid on the British coast in December 1914. In Imperial German Navy gun nomenclature, "SK" (, The figures listed here are those for the, List of ships of the Imperial German Navy, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ersatz_Yorck-class_battlecruiser&oldid=992007957, Battlecruisers of the Imperial German Navy, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 3 December 2020, at 00:16. SMS Blücher would be the last armored cruiser built by Germany, being designed as an enlargement of the previous Scharnhorst-class armored cruiser, and became what was effectively a scaled down Nassau-class battleship; with the Nassau-class's stability issues still intact; and built as a preemptive response to the British Invincible-class Dreadnought-Armored Cruisers. [Note 2] Her keel was laid in 1902 and she was launched on 14 May 1904. On the way back to Germany, the fleet stopped in Spithead, Britain, where it was received by the Royal Navy. S178 sank within a few minutes of the accident and 69 men were killed in the accident. General Wilhelm von Hahnke gave a speech at the launching ceremony and the vessel was christened Yorck after Ludwig Yorck von Wartenburg, a Prussian general during the Napoleonic Wars by Josephine Yorck von Wartenburg, one of his descendants. On 04.11.1914 it run into a own mine field and sunk with a great loss of life (336 crew members). Nov 17, 2014 - 8.2 in Roon class armoured cruiser SMS Yorck, mined and sunk in December 1914 with heavy loss of life whilst returning from an intended raid on the English coast. Der Kreuzer sank am 19. Yorckdisplaced 9,087 t (8,943 long tons; 10,017 short tons) as built and 9,875 t (9,719 long t… Scheer objected to the decrease in speed, and for the time being, Hebbinghaus's and Capelle's proposals came to nothing. These guns fired 9 kg (20 lb) shells, and had an effective ceiling of 9,150 m (30,020 ft) at 70 degrees. Believing the fog to have cleared sufficiently, the ship's commander ordered Yorck to get underway in the early hours of 4 November. [8][9] During this period, Erich Raeder served as the ship's navigation officer. Her secondary armament consisted of ten 15 cm (5.9 in) SK L/40 guns; four were in single-gun turrets on the upper deck and the remaining six were in casemates in a main-deck battery. Over the next several years, Yorck took part in the peacetime routine of training exercises with the fleet reconnaissance forces and with the entire High Seas Fleet, including major fleet exercises every autumn in late August and early September. They were 227.8 m (747 ft 5 in) long at the waterline, compared to 223 m (731 ft 8 in) on the earlier vessels. Muzzle velocity was 805 meters per second (2,640 ft/s). Roon Class Armoured Cruiser SMS Roon, Yorck Laid down 1902-1903, completed 1905-1906. A 45 mm (1.8 in) torpedo bulkhead ran the length of the hull, several meters behind the main belt. She fought during the war against Spain in 1898, then served during the Great War by escorting convoys. Another meeting on 24 August concluded that all seven ships of the Mackensen class would be built as designed, the General Navy Department noting that they would "still undoubtedly represent a very valuable addition to the fleet in 1919. SMS Yorck ("His Majesty's Ship Yorck") was the second and final ship of the Roon class of armored cruisers built for the German Imperial Navy. On 1 May, the new armored cruiser Scharnhorst joined I Scouting Group, replacing Yorck as the group flagship. She had cost the Imperial German Government 16,241,000 Goldmarks. [10] In October, Kapitän zur See (KzS—Captain at Sea) Arthur Tapken took command of the ship; he served as the ship's commander until September 1909. In both designs the turrets were arranged in two superfiring pairs, one forward and the other aft. The ship suffered an accident on 2 November when one of her pinnaces accidentally detonated a naval mine, killing two men and injuring two more. [3], Yorck was ordered under the provisional name Ersatz Deutschland and built at the Blohm & Voss shipyard in Hamburg under construction number 167. The wreck was partly broken down in 1929/30, 1965 and 1982. The main armored deck ranged in thickness from 30 mm in less important areas, to 80 mm (3.1 in) in the sections that covered the more critical areas of the ship. [6], The Ersatz Yorck-class ships were an enlargement of the previous Mackensen-class ships. Prinz Adalbert Class Armoured Cruiser SMS Prinz Adalbert, Friedrich Carl Laid down 1900-1901, completed 1903-1904. [ Groe1 ] [ HiRoSt99_8 ] [ JanesFSI95 ] [ Kro62 ] [ MaS15 ] USS New York (ACR-2/CA-2) was the second United States Navy armored cruiser so designated; the first was the ill-fated Maine, which was soon redesignated a second-class battleship.Due to the unusually protracted construction of Maine, New York was actually the first armored cruiser to enter U.S. Navy service. Four were arranged around the rear superfiring main battery turret and the other four around the forward conning tower. Brooklyn (Armored Cruiser No. Capelle stated that the last three Mackensens—Ersatz Yorck, Ersatz Scharnhorst, and Ersatz Gneisenau—and Ersatz Friedrich Carl if work had not proceeded too far along, should be reordered as a completely new design, GK6, which he submitted. All this was corrected by the two armored cruisers SMS Scharnhorst and SMS Gneisenau of the ‘Scharnhorst Diese Liste umfasst alle Schlachtschiffklassen der US Navy.Alle diese Schiffe wurden mit der Klassifizierung "BB" Battleship (Schlachtschiff) versehen.Ausnahme sind die Texas und die Maine, die anfangs als “ACR” Armoured Cruiser (Panzerkreuzer) und später als "Battleship second class" (Schlachtschiff zweiter Klasse) klassifiziert wurden. 2018 | Changed parts + Actions Stash. SMS Yorck sank after a mine hit in November 1914, while SMS Roon was converted into an unarmed residential ship in 1916. "[3], Hebbinghaus again raised the issue of the main battery on 31 October, since by then it had become known that the United States Navy would be building the Lexington-class battlecruisers, rumored to be armed with 40 cm (16 in) guns, and that the British were arming their Renown-class battlecruisers with 38 cm guns. I think that if you look, Ibuki had turbines as well, a pair of Curtis direct drive turbines. [15], On 3 November, Yorck participated in the first offensive operation of the war conducted by the German fleet. [d] The RMA filed a report dated 1 February 1918, which stated that capital ship construction had stopped, primarily due to the shifting priorities to the U-boat war. [2], See also: List of ships of the Imperial German Navy. She carried up to 1,570 t (1,550 long tons; 1,730 short tons) of coal, which enabled a maximum range of up to 5,080 nautical miles (9,410 km; 5,850 mi) at a cruising speed of 12 knots (22 km/h; 14 mph). [19] The naval historians Hans Hildebrand, Albert Röhr, and Hans-Otto Steinmetz concur with Gröner on the number of fatalities and note that 381 men, including Pieper, were rescued by the coastal defense ship Hagen. Yorck won the Kaiser's Schießpreis (Shooting Prize) for excellent shooting among armored cruisers for the 1907–1908 training year. No work was done on Ersatz Scharnhorst before the ships were cancelled. Fitting-out work was completed by 21 November 1905, being commissioned into the Imperial German Navy the same day. The armored cruiser was not a close ancestor of heavy cruisers, even though the name sometimes suggests this.By 1905 the armored cruiser had grown in size and power to be very close to the pre-dreadnought battleships of the day, with a displacement of around 15,000 tons: considerably larger than the 10,000 tons of the heavy cruiser. Ibuki had a 4 - 7" belt and 7" turret faces, just like B The torpedoes had a range of 8,000 m (8,700 yd) when set at a speed of 35 knots (65 km/h; 40 mph); at a reduced speed of 28 knots (52 km/h; 32 mph), the range increased significantly to 15,000 m (16,000 yd). These included a significant reduction in smoke interference with the spotting tops and additional room to move the tripod mast further aft, which reduced the risk of the mast falling on the conning tower in the event of battle damage and increased the field of view from the spotting top. Yorck W0357638.jpg 270 × 266; 23 KB Yorck was ordered under the provisional name Ersatz Deutschland and built at the Blohm & Voss shipyard in Hamburg under construction number 167. Protected cruisers resemble armoured cruisers, which had in … She was visiting New York City at the time of the destruction of armored cruiser USS Maine in February 1898. Their main armament of four 10-inch (254 mm) guns in twin turrets was the heaviest carried by any American armored cruiser. [14], Following the outbreak of World War I in July 1914, Yorck was mobilized for wartime service; she was recommissioned on 12 August. Léon Gambetta was the lead ship of her class of three armored cruisers built for the French Navy (Marine Nationale) in the first decade of the 20th century.Armed with four 194-millimeter (7.6 in) guns, the ships were much larger and more powerfully armed than their predecessors. [2][19], Already in 1918, the design staff revived the grosskampfschiff concept with a series of design studies that ranged from smaller counterparts to the British Courageous class of "large light cruisers" to very large, 45,000 t (44,000 long tons) battlecruisers armed with 42 cm (16.5 in) guns. The Imperial German Navy (Hochseeflotte), Yorck Information, Armored Cruiser, Yorck, Großer Kreuzer 1905 - 1914, Roon class

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